The stages of a renovation or home building project must follow a specific order: Planning and Design: long before your contractor pulls his or her tool belt, before the work begins, there are many details to be sorted out.
I'm not talking about being sure where your new kitchen island will go and what color to paint.
Depending on the type of project you are working on, you may have to apply for a building permit and in some cases, if your project plan does not meet the requirements of the current building code, apply to the municipal authorities for "differences ".
In this city, minor differences that do not meet the lowest setbacks on the property line may be the most common.
As I wrote before, the license application process can be time consuming, so start working as soon as possible.
If you are digging a basement, adding a supplement to the back, or building a new basement from scratch, you will need some technical reports, including an analysis of the groundwater level, soil Assessment, engineer report, or all three reports to determine if the site and design are feasible.
For any project that involves opening or repositioning the load, you also need the engineer's drawings-bearing walls.
Demolition: you may have something that needs to be removed before you install something new, which is where the demolition team works.
For small jobs, you can isolate the room with dropped sheets and plug the stove vents.
But if you're planning a major renovation like opening the walls and completely reconfiguring your main floor, things can get messy and dangerous.
I suggest you move out during most of your working hours.
For small jobs, such as replacing the front door, the contractor takes the old and any other garbage with the truck when they leave.
For larger projects, your contractors would like to order one or more trash cans.
You need to have space on the lawn or driveway to drop the bin or get a permit to park on the street from the city.
Base: If you are building new, adding new or digging existing basements, the base work needs to be done before anything else.
Today, most of the new foundations are made of poured concrete, but you can also use base blocks or insulated forms filled with concrete.
If you are digging, you can pour a new base at once below the existing base;
Or you can "bench", the new foundation is poured in the old foundation, leaving a bench along the wall.
The cost of support is higher, but the final floor area is larger.
No matter which Foundation
Building technology of your choice, make sure that the contractor you hire has a wealth of work experience.
Frame: The first stage of building the wall is the frame.
You need a carpenter to build your perimeter and inner wall with wood or steel nails.
I generally prefer steel nails.
They are very straight, pre-drilled to get your wires through, faster than the wood installation, and will not bend or bend as humidity changes, so that you do not end up with a broken drywall screw.
For interior walls that divide different rooms, you would want 2x4 studs to minimize the floor space they occupy, but the frame along the outside should be 2x6 wood, this way you have enough space to accommodate the current required insulation material in the cavity of the Wall (R-24).
If your project includes demolition of open walls
Concept appearance, you may need to install steel or LVL (laminated-veneer lumber)
Beam to support the load.
Of course, this needs to be in place before any new walls are built.
At different stages of the whole process, you will need to call the building inspector to approve the key components before going to the next stage.
Wiring and plumbing: Once your walls are open, you can call the plumber and electrician to make them rough on any pipe or line that needs to go through the walls.
If you add a lot of living space to an old house, you may need to upgrade your electrical panel.
This involves contacting the local power company to run a larger main line, having the electrician add or upgrade the panel, and then having the electrical Security Bureau check all the work.
Again, if you add additional bathrooms and other fixtures, you will want to make sure that your city water supply has gone from-inch to ¾-inch or one-
Copper tube inch.
You also want to remove any old lead pipes in the house.
Once the wires and pipes have been installed, you will need to call the building inspector to get each approved.
Then you can start insulating the walls.
Your electrician and plumber will come back later in the finishing phase to connect any new plumbing fixtures and install your light fixtures.
Finish: once the wall rises-
Before you draw.
Now is the time to add the baseboard and any other decorations like the crown molding or ceiling medal you would like to include.
With it you can paint, lay new floors and install the kitchen and bathroom cabinet.
Your plumber will then connect any new kitchen and bathroom fixtures, and the electrician can install your lights and complete the wiring of all sockets and switches.
After completing all the work, it is time to call the inspector to close the permit.
Jim caruck's column runs every two weeks in new homes and apartments.
Editor, he's a general contractor. in-
Editor-in-chief of renovation Contract Magazine, renovation editor of Renault and decoration magazine, founder of Hero's Renos project, and self-built Learning Center in GTA.
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