1987 This is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
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One item that almost everyone is working on is installing the shelves.
Although some people will buy bookcases or wall units, and some ambitious people will build their own, most people who decide to add bookshelves will buy the ones that are sold at home centers, logging yards and hardware stores
These systems are available in a wide variety of sizes, styles, colors and decorative finishes by channel-
There are metal wall columns or shelf standards in the shape of slots with intervals of about 1 inch.
The matching rack holder with protruding lugs on the back can be fixed in place along the length of each standard.
The brackets inserted into these standards have different lengths to fit the shelves that match the width.
The width of the shelf is usually 6, 8, 10 or 12 inch (
Although you can cut the shelves of plywood or wood yourself if you want).
Factory shelves in stock
Mix with wall columns and brackets after completion, usually at 24-, 30-, 36-and 48-inch lengths.
Some brands are made of solid wood (
Unfinished or factory-finished)
But most of them are made of ingredient plates with plastic veneers.
There are three reasons for the popularity of these shelf systems.
They are adjustable;
That is, the rack can be lifted, lowered or rearranged by breaking it from the slotting standard and moving it to a new height;
They are decorative and do not require painting or finishing and are relatively simple to install.
The first step after the advertisement determines the shelf direction is to install the vertical wall column that supports the shelf bracket.
Each set of shelves requires at least two wall columns, but for longer shelves, or for shelves that support heavy objects, three criteria may be required, one in the center and one near each end.
Most manufacturers include a variety of load weights and standard spacing directions for shelves of different lengths.
Advertising of support brackets for most shelves for light to medium loads, the spacing should not exceed 24 inch (
15 to 20 pounds per foot.
This means that the vertical slotted Wall column must maintain approximately a distance from the other wall columns on the wall.
However, for heavy loads (
30 to 40 pounds per foot
To prevent the rack from bending, you need a tighter stand, usually 16 to 18 inch apart, so the wall column must also be closer.
Keep in mind that the shelf Holder occupies the space under each shelf, so the space under each bracket is not available for tall books or other objects that cannot be placed under this bracket.
If you plan to use a shelf to accommodate a TV set or decorative tall objects that do not clear the lowest part of the holder, this is a point to keep in mind;
Either you have to find the stand far enough not to get in the way or leave more space between the shelves.
Ideally, the Wall column or standard should be mounted directly on the column on the wall so you can push the screws into the column.
However, this rarely solves the problem easily, so in most cases the homeowner has to fix the wall column with expansion --
Plastic or metal anchors.
With these, you can drill a hole in the wall and knock the anchor in place.
Then you screw the screw into the anchor.
If you work on a wall (gypsum board)
You can use the drive-
But in the expansion anchor.
These eliminate the need for drilling;
All you have to do is hammer the anchor in and insert the screw and tighten it.
Install the first pilaster by inserting a screw at the top and position it so that the finished shelf will be at the appropriate height.
Don't tighten this screw all the time.
Now, use horizontal or plumb lines to make sure this wall column is horizontal;
Then, while holding it firmly, mark another mounting screw hole on the wall with a pick.
Put the standard out, then drill and insert the anchor.
Swing pilaster back in place, then insert the rest of the screw and tighten the Strip permanently in place.
To ensure the shelf level, a second pile number must be installed so that its slot is at the same height as the matching slot in the first pile number.
In most homes, it is not enough to measure from the floor or ceiling --
Floors and ceilings are often uneven.
Here is the best way to ensure horizontal installation: * after installing the first pilaster, insert a shelf bracket in a slot close to the top.
Then insert the second wall column in the slot of the other bracket (
The one you will install).
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* Fix the second wall column to the wall, the bracket is in place, then place a shelf on both brackets with a horizontal plane on the top, as shown in the figure.
* Move the second post up or down as needed until the shelf is flat and then use the pick to mark the position of the top hole on the wall.
* Put the shelf and the second pile holder on one side, then drill the hole of the first wall anchor on the top.
Install the pile number with the top screw only, and then complete the installation of the second pile number like installing the first pile number.
Advertising after installing two slotted wall columns, you can capture the rest of the shelf bracket in place and complete the installation of the rest of the shelf.
Reply to email.
My bathroom sink has brass hardware and was originally finished with antique brass finish.
The finish began to peel off, so I took all of it to the original brass, which was very attractive.
However, I am now having problems with discoloration.
I applied the acrylic to the drain, but due to constant wetting and exposure to the soap, the drain still showed a gloss.
What is the best way to refine this brass hardware to prevent future discoloration? -M. D. B. , Rye, N. Y. A.
I don't know what kind of finish is on the brass, but it can be polished to a bright finish if the base metal is solid brass.
To prevent discoloration, the manufacturer is coated with transparent paint or transparent polyurethane on fresh polished, clean brass.
This can usually withstand water well.
Many hardware stores also sell Clear Spray for brass.
However, the metal must be completely clean before any of these applications.
Your drainage accessories may not be clean enough or you may not have finished all the old renovations.
Most likely, you will never clean it up completely unless you take it off the sink.
This is the only way to clean all edges, especially on the edge of this accessory.
You may then have to dip it into the paint to get a full coat.
Even so, this coating will wear out in time and must be updated regularly.
The question should be addressed to Bernard Gladstone of The New York Times, 229 West 43d Street, New York, NY. Y. 10036.
A version of this article was printed on page LI11 of the National edition on February 8, 1987 with the title: Family Clinic;
How to put them on the shelves and ensure their level.